To combat the problems of unemployment and to know the root cause of it, a comprehensive national survey concerning the problem is to begin from April onwards. Though labour ministry every year conducts employment and unemployment survey but this survey will encompass more than 600 districts covering almost entire India.
The financial crisis has changed the employment trends and a close study needs to be done in order to find the cause of rampant unemployment. Study will also enable the authorities to identify the sector where actual work needs to be done and area where more employment opportunities can be created.
The report will be compiled within six to eight months and the survey by the Labour Bureau will start in April.
Along with data on employment and unemployment, the study will also compile figures on key trends like employment in the organised and unorganised sectors, seasonal employment, employment of scheduled castes and tribes and employment of women as well as employment in rural and urban areas. The data will be compiled on the basis of the survey of almost all districts thus providing a clearer picture.
Last year, the labour ministry had surveyed 300 districts across 28 States and Union Territories of the country consisting of 45,859 households to get data on employment trends in 2009-10.
Apart from trends in employment, the study had also compiled data on demographic characteristics of the work force as well as wages and social security benefits.
But government should keep in mind that mere conducting the survey will not solve the problem. The planners need to understand the core of the problem and work accordingly.