The Maldives has decided to de-carbonize itself by giving up fossil fuels and
switching completely to renewable energy. President Mohamed Nasheed recently
said that US $110 million would be spent every year for the next one decade to
eliminate fossil fuel use.
As per the plan, 155 large wind turbines, half-a-kilometre of solar roof
panels and a biomass plant to extract oil from coconut husk will be set up. The
country also plans to harness electricity from ocean waves and switch to
electric vehicles. There will be battery banks to offer backups when wind and
solar energy are not available.
Climate change experts, Chris Goodall and Mark Lynas, who prepared the road
map say the plan is realistic. Investments will be recovered in less than 20
years as the country would need to import less and less crude oil, they said.
The Maldives, a low-lying island on the Indian Ocean, is most vulnerable to
Five other countries, Costa Rica, Iceland, Norway, New Zealand and Monaco,
will also become zero emitters, but none of them aims as early as the Maldives.